The name Anthony - or Antony is a masculine given name, derived from Antonius, a Roman family to which Mark Antony (Marcus Antonius) belonged. Anthony is equivalent to Antoine in French, Antonio in Spanish, German, and Italian, António or Antônio in Portuguese, Anton in Russian, Romanian and Ukrainian, and Antun or Ante in Croatian. The usual abbreviated form is Tony (sometimes "Tone" or "Ant" or "Anth"). Its use as a Christian name was due to the veneration of St Anthony the Great, the founder of Christian monasticism, particularly in France. Also significant was the later cult of St Antony of Padua. The spelling with "h" is not found until the 16th century when Camden incorrectly claimed that the name derived from the Greek anthos. The spelling pronunciation later became usual in the United States but not in the British Isles.
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